تاریخ جهان از ماموت تا فیسبوک (61) گذشته به وسیله حال تغییر میکند و حال به وسیله گذشته رهبری میشود
- مرگ برونو باور؛ فیلسوف و تاریخدان آلمانی
- تولد جان مینارد کینز
- آتشفشان مهیب کراکاتوآ در کشور اندونزی
- کنفرانس کنگو در برلین
- نامبیا؛ مستعمره امپراتوری آلمان
- اختراع تیربار
- اهدای مجسمه آزادی توسط دولت فرانسه به آمریکا
- روز کارگر، و خشونت در شیکاگو
- درگذشت مندل؛ کشیش اتریشی و پدر علم ژنتیک
- سرخپوستان سو؛ و آخرین درگیری بومیان آمریکای شمالی با مهاجران سفید پوست
- خودکشی وَن گوگ؛ نقاش هلندی
- تولد آنتونیو گرامشی
- نیوزلند؛ نخستین کشور مستقلی که حق رأی زنان را به رسمیت شناخت
- اولین جنگ چین و ژاپن
- زندانی شدن دریفوس و واکنش امیل زولا
- کشف اشعه ایکس
- مرگ پاستور شیمیدان و زیستشناس فرانسوی، و -
- اوضاع و احوال ایران در اواخر قرن نوزدهم
تولد بدیع الزمان فروزانفر
The "Scramble for Africa" was the invasion, occupation, division, colonization and annexation of African territory by European powers during the period of New Imperialism, between 1881 and 1914. It is also called the Partition of Africa and the Conquest of Africa.
Ellis Island, in Upper New York Bay, was the gateway for over 12 million immigrants to the United States as the nation's busiest immigrant inspection station from 1892 until 1954.
The Ancient Olympic Games were religious and athletic festivals held every four years at the sanctuary of Zeus in Olympia, Greece. The 1896 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the I Olympiad, was the first international Olympic Games held in modern history.
Alfred Bernhard Nobel
Alfred Bernhard Nobel was a Swedish chemist, engineer, innovator, and armaments manufacturer. Known for inventing dynamite...
Nobel bequeathed his fortune to institute the Nobel Prizes.The synthetic element nobelium was named after him.
Battle of Adwa
The Battle of Adwa was fought on 1 March 1896 between the Ethiopian Empire and the Kingdom of Italy near the town of Adwa, Ethiopia, in Tigray. It was the climactic battle of the First Italo-Ethiopian War, securing Ethiopian sovereignty.
Assassination of Nasser-al-Din Shah
Naser al-Din Shah Qajar, was the King of Persia from 5 September 1848 to 1 May 1896 when he was assassinated. Naser al-Din was assassinated by Mirza Reza Kermani, a follower of Jamal al-Din al-Afghani, when he was visiting and praying in the shrine of Shah-Abdol-Azim. It is said that the revolver used to assassinate him was old and rusty, and had he worn a thicker overcoat, or been shot from a longer range, he would have survived the attempt on his life. Shortly before his death, he is reported to have said "I will rule you differently if I survive!"
Zionism is a nationalist political movement of Jews and Jewish culture that supports the re-establishment of a Jewish homeland in the territory defined as the historic Land of Israel. Zionism emerged in the late 19th century in central and eastern Europe as a national revival movement, in reaction to anti-Semitic and exclusionary nationalist movements in Europe. Advocates of Zionism view it as a national liberation movement for the repatriation of a persecuted people residing as minorities in a variety of nations to their ancestral homeland. Critics of Zionism view it as a colonialist, racist and exceptionalist ideology that led advocates to violence during Mandatory Palestine...
Badi'ozzamān Foruzānfar was a scholar of Persian literature, Iranian linguistics and culture, and an expert on Molana Jalaleddin Balkhi (Rumi) and his works. He was a distinguished professor of literature at Tehran University.
The critical edition of Diwan e Shams (in 10 volumes) by Forouzanfar is the best edition of the book available to date. The first critical edition of Fihi ma fihi was also done by him...
Karl Weierstrass was a German mathematician often cited as the "father of modern analysis". Despite leaving university without a degree, he studied mathematics and trained as a teacher, eventually teaching mathematics, physics...
Mirza Aqa Khan Kermani
Mirza Aqa Khan Kermani was an Iranian intellectual reformer. In his writings, he advocates for political, social, and religious reform characteristic of his generation of intellectuals whose reformist ideas and engagement with sociopolitical themes set the stage for the Constitutional Revolution of 1906, and the political and literary changes that were to follow...
Bismarck was responsible for transforming a collection of small German states into the German empire, and was its first chancellor. In 1879, he negotiated an alliance with Austria-Hungary to counteract France and Russia. Italy later joined the alliance. Bismarck died there on 30 July 1898.
The Boxer Rebellion, was a violent anti-foreign and anti-Christian uprising which took place in China between 1899 and 1901, towards the end of the Qing dynasty...
The Spanish–American War was a conflict fought between Spain and the United States in 1898. Hostilities began in the aftermath of the internal explosion of the USS Maine in Havana harbor leading to American intervention in the Cuban War of Independence. American acquisition of Spain's Pacific possessions led to its involvement in the Philippine Revolution...
The Fashoda Incident or Crisis was the climax of imperial territorial disputes between Britain and France in Eastern Africa, occurring in 1898. A French expedition to Fashoda on the White Nile river sought to gain control of the Upper Nile river basin and thereby exclude Britain from the Sudan.
Second Boer War
The Second Boer War started on 11 October 1899 and ended on 31 May 1902. The United Kingdom, its Cape Colony, Colony of Natal with significant Afrikaner support and native African allies fought the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State...
Aspirin, also known as acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), is a medication used to treat pain, fever, and inflammation. Aspirin, in the form of leaves from the willow tree, has been used for its health effects for at least 2,400 years. By 1899, Bayer was selling it around the world.
Klondike Gold Rush
The Klondike Gold Rush was a migration by an estimated 100,000 prospectors to the Klondike region of the Yukon in north-western Canada between 1896 and 1899. Gold was discovered there by local miners on August 16, 1896 and, when news reached Seattle and San Francisco the following year, it triggered a stampede of would-be prospectors. Some became wealthy, but the majority went in vain. The Klondike Gold Rush ended in 1899 after gold was discovered in Nome, Alaska prompting an exodus from the Klondike. It has been immortalized by photographs, books, films, and artifacts.
The unconscious mind (or the unconscious) consists of the processes in the mind which occur automatically and are not available to introspection, and include thought processes, memories, interests, and motivations. Even though these processes exist well under the surface of conscious awareness they are theorized to exert an impact on behavior. Empirical evidence suggests that unconscious phenomena include repressed feelings, automatic skills, subliminal perceptions, thoughts, habits, and automatic reactions, and possibly also complexes; hidden phobias and desires. The concept was popularized by the Austrian psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud.
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